Bricks

  • GENERAL:

     Since ancient times people have tried to protect them selves from the rain, wind, heat, snow, wild animals by hiding themselves under the shelter. The first shelters looked as the dugouts and were made from the soil and mud bricks. And since that time people have tried to shape the ground and mud into bricks, so that their shelter would have been firmer and more solid.
With time as life became more civilized and the first towns appeared, people started to look for the more esthetic and reliable building materials. So the dugouts were removed by the stone houses. It took a plenty of time and energy to grind the stone and later after the first stone bricks were processed properly they still couldn’t be used separately, but with cement solution which was physically hard to produce. Besides it was a very expensive material. Some people built the houses from the wood, but it wasn’t so practical, because the houses often were burnt or decayed. So, people tired to submit the stone and wood building materials by something practical and cheap. The only solution that was found for substitution of the stones was manufacturing of bricks and blocks with usage of rubble, cement and water. This material was very firm but was ecologically harmful – it caused the air, water and ground pollution. 
Nowadays the modern buildings look much more practical and reliable. But they are still built from the cement bricks and blocks.


  • ABOUT OUR COMPANY:

 

              Our team of experts based at the work of highly technologically supplied laboratory has developed the new technology for manufacturing the bricks and blocks of new generation for.  The new technology allows producing a certain emulsion based on soil stabilizer usage. The bricks and blocks manufactured from the local soil  and soil stabilizer to achieve the standards of the traditional bricks in accordance with our technology are as firm and solid as the traditional constructing materials, more than that they have certain advantages.

 

They are produced with dramatically decreased contents   of cement (5% instead of 35%), which is replaced by the soil stabilizer, so the bricks according to our technology are ecologically harmless, cause they contain a non-toxic formula, besides, their manufacturing allows to save up time, money and energy, as our bricks and blocks can be produced on demand at the place of constructing with the use of mini-machines easy operated. 


III. TECHNOLOGY FOR HOUSING


  • The company’s know-how for building houses is based on the local stabilizer usage. The application is done where houses are going to be built by mixing the local soil with the specific stabilizer and production of bricks on-site with brick machine which is drawn into location easily.
  • The technology has tremendous cost advantages over the older brick and mortar throughout the world.

  IV. THE SYSTEM OF SOIL STABILIZER IMPLEMENTATION


  • The possibility of using the local soil and block production on-site. Bricks which are made from the local soil are manufactured at the place of construction, so only the soil stabilizer needs to be transported. The bricks are ready for building with/without mortar after 8 days of curing.

 

  • The use of soil stabilizer in manufacturing the bricks and building walls without mortar saves on cost and reduces the building time.

The thermal efficiency of the company’s bricks reduces the outside temperatures from 35°C to a mild 20°C inside the structure without any air-conditioning. The “High Thermal Capacity” of these bricks, absorbs the high outside temperature, leaving the inside of the structure cool and comfortable without the need for air-conditioning
There’s no universal emulsion but it has to fit to each local soil.
The usage of the soil stabilizer makes the natural material stronger and more solid.
Due to the new technology we’ve got the product that has higher resistance and isolation concerning the weather and noise factors.
The goal of our company is to implement this advanced technology to fit the usage of soil stabilizer that will be completed by using machines.
The procedure of manufacturing the bricks and blocks can be acknowledged quit quickly easily during a proper training course that can be organized by our company.


IV. DETAIL OF MANUFACTURING


The technology of manufacturing of bricks have been started from using the mud, ash coal powder, sawdust  and  we’ve developed it into raw material implementation by using the local soil combined with the specific soil stabilizer. The bricks are manufactured with the help of machines by using the technique of pressure and swing.

Generally, any local soil can be referred to one of three types:

  1. sand  (the water penetrates into it very easily because the sand can be referred to the type of big grains)
  2. silt (is glower than the sand and has more plasticity)
  3. clay (as it’s referred to the type of small grains it’s characterized by bad water penetration and very high plasticity, during the interaction with water covers all the available area)

Each kind of soil has the unique characteristic and reaction to the additional material. So, at first the local soil should be thoroughly investigated.


V. SPECIFICATION OF BRICKS


  • Load bearing capacity of a brick

as block strength is determined by soil type used and the extent of curing after  
manufacture  4 to 8 MPa modulus of rupture.

  • Brick weight

Standard size brick, 4"x8"x12", 7.5 to 10 Kg each, but any other dimension can  be manufactured as well.

W – 220mm
L – 120 to 240 mm
H – 115 mm
W – 140mm
L – 120 to 240 mm
H – 115 mm
W – 220mm
L – 120 to 240 mm
H – 115 mm
   
W – 220mm 
R – 140
W – 140mm
L – 120 to 240   mm
H – 115 mm
  • Thermal conditions

The bricks get their maximum firmness during 21 days after their manufacturing, but they can be used earlier as well.  
The thermal quality of the bricks can be up to 3 times higher than conventional   
products.
Stands in temperature of 1200 C0

 

  • Permeability rating of a finished brick

Brick does not absorb or allow moisture to penetrate any more that 2.5 % of

  • Bricks are cheaper to produce because:
  •       - Soil constitutes the bulk of raw material use
    - Transport cost are minimized, production on-site
    - Local labor is used

    1. The cost labor is reduced because:

         - Bricks are interlocking and can be of different shapes
    - Little skilled construction labor is required
    - Construction is faster

         The bricks produced on the basis of the soil stabilizer can been used for : pavers, floors, outdoor walls, tile roofing, sound barriers, fences, planters, decorative walkways, patios, gazebos, waterfalls, farm structures of all kinds, fish ponds, feedlots, stepping stones, cobblestones, driveways, steps, garden trim,
    retaining walls, and BBQ pits.

     

    The features of bricks and blocks are connected to the component of the mixture in each type of soil. If the produced material contains high percentage of clay the cracks can appear at the brick after it gets dry, so it should be combined with the proper quality of sand. If the sand is predominating in the mixture the product will be weak and breakable.
    So, the ideal proportion for getting the strong material is 70% of sand and 30% of clay.
    The local soil can be more or less suitable for the construction.
    So the main goal of using the soil stabilizer is to increase the stretch and to decrease the crackle ability.
    Usually the sticky soil is characterized by the high resistance to water.


    Advantages:


    • the raw material (the local soil) is easy to get at each area
    • mud and soil bricks have a high ability of thermal processing
    • The bricks and blocks produced according to our technology can be easily recycled into another material and this process will be ecologically harmless
    • The manufacturing of the bricks according to the new technology will be cheaper than the traditional one

     


    Disadvantages of the old mud/soil bricks:


    • Sensitivity to water
    • Much energy is necessary for tempering or using in remote construction sites,   without access roads

     

     

    • The strength and the resistance is lower than the traditional one
    • The system based on mud and soil usage was accepted less than the traditional one.
    • But nowadays people think more about ecological problems, so our technology looks more attractive from this point of view because it doesn’t heat the environment as hard as the traditional system of bricks & blocks manufacturing.

    The main Idea:


    Our goal is


    • To promote the manufacturing of bricks and blocks from the local soil with using the soil stabilizer in a proper proportion.
    • New product looks attractive cause its possesses high quality and no burning is used while manufacturing the bricks and blocks
    • It’s not necessary to transport the product cause it can be produced at the place of construction
    • Doesn’t demand lots of money for the manufacturing equipment
    • The process of manufacturing can be learnt at short time
    • The new technology of manufacturing the bricks and blocks can be easily used by everybody after the course of training and will allow to improve the level of living
    • The cheap price of the raw material and machines will save up money and energy
    •  This kind of block will give 100% , the bricks and blocks can be shaped differently
    • The structure of the new type bricks and blocks  is less deflective than the traditional one, more resistant and solid
    • The usage of our technology will allow to build the house not depending on the constructions decisions and restrictions

    Main Steps of Constructing:

     


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    •  The usage of new-type bricks provides high isolation of the building.

     


    Main Advantages:


    • The main advantage of this technology is using of the soil and block production on-site. Bricks which are made from the local soil, so only soil stabilizer needs to be transported.
    • The use of soil stabilizer bricks and building walls without mortar saves on cost and reduce the building time
    • The thermal efficiency of the company’s bricks reduces the outside temperatures from 35°C to a mild 20°C inside the structure without any air-conditioning. The “High Thermal Capacity” of these bricks, absorbs the high outside temperature, The soil stabilizer bricks & blocks are ecologically harmless cause contains only leaving the inside of the structure cool and comfortable without the need for air- conditioning
    • 5% of cement instead of 35% as the traditional bricks do.
    • The manufacturing of the soil stabilizer can take place at the site itself or close to it.
    • The soil stabilizer emulsion contains biological or chemical stabilizer.

     


    VI. IMPLEMENTATION OF TECHNOLOGY
          THE RESEARCH AND THE STUDY  


    Before starting the process of manufacturing bricks and blocks the sample of the local soil should be taken and tested by the modern laboratory working in assistance with us. After the results of the tests are ready the solutions offered by the engineers can be implemented into practice.
    Such additional materials as sawdust, ash coal powder, marble powder, metal dust can be added into the basic mixture.
    The research of the potential market showed that the specific demand for colors, sizes and shapes exist. The soil stabilizer technology allows us to satisfy all the specific demands.
    The manufacturing of bricks and blocks according to our technology demands  the availability of using the access roads and a proper place for drying the bricks on the special pallets.

        During the investigation of the local soil the factor of climate should be taken into consideration as well. The investigation of the weather at the place of construction will allow to make the exact plan for bricks and blocks manufacturing. (For example, if the climate is too cold and the water outside gets frozen quickly the manufacturing can last only during 8 months per year).
    The training for the implementation of our technology will include not only the   
    learning process but also acquaintance with the competitors.
    Before starting the manufacturing process it’s necessary to investigate the place of  construction, if we have any basic materials (like polymers) available for producing the emulsion.
    Then after all the tests of the local soil are completed and basic material for the emulsion are accepted by the laboratory the first trial models of the bricks and blocks will be produced and checked for the resistance to water penetration, physical pressure, low and high temperature.
    After the first laboratory testing the additional materials for the emulsion should be chosen according to the construction site characteristics of the soil type. Besides, it’s necessary to define the appropriate moisture of the emulsion depending on the average moisture of the construction site climate.
    All the results of lab testing will be presented at the analyzing results tables, which can be used as the instruction for producing the bricks & blocks mixture.
    Before the manufacturing of bricks will be started it’s very important to prepare the site land for construction, to provide the availability of the access roads and the storage for drying the bricks.
    For manufacturing bricks and blocks the different machines can be used on demand. The type and size of the machines for bricks and blocks production should be chosen in advance depending on the manpower availability and the final product of the construction.

     

                    

     

     


    After the preferable type of the machines is defined and the team for manufacturing the bricks and blocks is formed the training itself can be started. Firstly the demonstration of the manufacturing process should be presented.
    The presentation of our technology can be divided into the following steps:

    • purchasing the machines
    • preparation and delivery of the material to the construction site
    • preparing the appropriate soil stabilizer
    • checking again and analyzing the raw material that will be used for preparing the soil stabilizer
    • the manufacturing process demonstration, including the assistance of experts, so that they can help to new-trained people till they will master the process of manufacturing
    • For the big construction site the plan for soil stabilizer manufacturing can be presented on demand
    • In case if any problem appears our professionals will provide all the necessary service till it will be solved

    CONCLUSION:


         Our company is ready to present skilled professional people that know our technology as well as the process of manufacturing based on this technology. Our experts will teach and train people interested in acquiring the soil stabilizer technology during all the process of manufacturing.
    The specialists involved in the process of manufacturing will give all the necessary consultations on using the brick machines, including the service if the machines don’t function properly.
    Our company is working in assistance with the best equipped laboratories that can check each single result and give full information how to produce the soil stabilizer properly for each local construction site.